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At Daggers Drawn: International Legal Issues Surrounding the Conflict in and around Nagorno-Karabakh

On 10 November, Azerbaijan and Armenia signed a Statement with the Russian Federation that fundamentally changes the scope of the conflict concerning Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding territories as well the status of the so-called “Republic of Artsakh” that had declared independence in early 1992. Even if it remains to be seen whether the Russian-brokered tripartite agreement will establish a framework for a definite settlement of the decade-long dispute on the status and legal regime of the Karabakh Armenians, it is designed to reshape the territorial and political realities in the South Caucasus and bring – at a minimum – a lasting cease fire. Armenia agreed to accept the result of Azerbaijan’s recent military campaign and, in addition, retrocede control over districts that remained occupied (Articles 2 and 6). In addition, the parties will guarantee a territorial link, the Lachin corridor, to ensure the connection between the territory of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh (Article 6). Armenia and Azerbaijan further invited Russia to deploy, for an initial five-year period, “peacemaking forces” along the…

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The Monetary Gold Doctrine and the ICC: Can the ICC determine the Territorial Boundaries of Israel and Palestine?

The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) has been engaged in a Preliminary Examination of the situation in Palestine since January 2015. By December 2019, the Prosecutor had come to the conclusion that there is a reasonable basis to believe that war crimes have been, or are being, committed on territory of Palestine, and that the other…

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How Trump’s Migration Policy Erodes National and International Standards of Protection for Migrants and Asylum Seekers

Early this month, 5,600 US soldiers were deployed to the southern border as a response to an approaching migrant caravan consisting of several thousand Central Americans. U.S. President Donald Trump called the advancing group in official statements a foreign “invasion” that warrants deploying up to 15,000 army members to support the border patrol. He further publicly warned…

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