Human Rights

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The Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the Quest for Equality: The Fireworks Factory case

On 26 October 2020, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR) published its judgment in the Case of the Workers of the Fireworks Factory in Santo Antônio de Jesus and their Families v. Brazil (Fireworks Factory case). The dispute concerned the Brazilian state's responsibility for the events surrounding an explosion in a fireworks factory in the town of Santo Antônio de Jesus, in the north-eastern region of the country, on 11 December 1998. Sixty people died in the explosion, among them forty women and twenty children, and six survived. Brazil was held responsible for a series of violations related to its having failed to regulate, supervise, and address the factory's extremely unsafe working conditions. This entry will focus on the IACtHR's findings concerning the right to equal protection of the law (Article 24 of the American Convention on Human Rights) and the respective reparations ordered—implementing a socioeconomic development program for the town's inhabitants. Firstly, we will discuss the novel way in which the IACtHR interpreted the content of the right to…

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ECtHR Georgia v. Russia No. 2 Judgment to be Delivered on Thursday

A quick heads-up to our readers that on Thursday, 21 January, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights will be delivering its long-awaited judgment in Georgia v. Russia (No. 2), the interstate case dealing with the 2008 conflict in Georgia. We will have commentary on the judgment soon after it comes out. In lieu of…

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ECtHR Grand Chamber Declares Admissible the Case of Ukraine v. Russia re Crimea

Yesterday the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights rendered its admissibility decision in the interstate claim brought by Ukraine against Russia regarding systematic human rights violations allegedly committed by the latter in Crimea. This is one of several interstate cases brought by Ukraine against Russia; others deal, for example, with the situation…

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Slovenia v. Croatia: A New Admissibility Criterion for Inter-State Applications under the ECHR?

Background and Main Legal Questions of the Decision On 18 December 2020, the Grand Chamber issued its decision on the application of Slovenia against Croatia. The application was lodged in 2016 and relates to unpaid and overdue debts owed to Ljubljanska Banka d.d. by Croatian companies following the disintegration of the former Socialist Federal…

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The ECtHR’s Pending Climate Change Case: What’s Ill-Treatment Got To Do With It?

On 30 November, the Court made headlines when it communicated its first climate change case. The application was brought by six Portuguese children and young people, with the crowd-funded support of the Global Legal Action Network (GLAN). The respondents are 33 Member States of the Council of Europe, and the case – which was taken…

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