Human Rights

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Why education rights must finally be taken seriously: Exploring the perils of mnemonic indoctrination in Russia

The year 2023 in Russia can be descried as a new chapter in furthering control over the historical narratives being circulated in the public sphere. A new federal educational standard which prescribes the content of the history curriculum entered into force starting from 01 September 2023. Little it is known, than a widely discussed Russian history textbook, that promotes controversial and purely hostile narratives, has been constructed in accordance with the mentioned standard.  The teaching of the “right” version of history in Russia is now considered a matter of national concern, along with equipping students with the motivation and skills to defend the “historical truth” (which, in Mälksoo’s poignant remark, is of “contested content and meaning”). The perils of a Russian patriotic upbringing which promotes a single historical narrative in history education, has recently been highlighted in the list of issues for the upcoming ICESCR periodic review in light of Russia’s obligations under Article 13. However, promotion of single historical narrative to instil patriotism is only one aspect of Russia’s policy…

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Life & Death, an Unstable Scale: The European Court of Human Rights Approach to Euthanasia in Mortier v. Belgium

On 4 October 2022, the European Court of Human Rights (“ECtHR”) issued a Chamber judgment in the case of Mortier v. Belgium. This landmark ruling is the first-ever ruling of the ECtHR on the compliance of euthanasia, once performed, with the rights protected under the European Convention of Human Rights (“ECHR”). Additionally,…

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When Should ECtHR Proceedings Become ‘Horizontal’? The Issue of the ‘Interested’ Third Party in A.S. and M.S. v. Italy

On 19 October 2023 the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR or ‘the Court’) issued its judgment in the case of A.M. and M.S. v. Italy (no. 68618/22). It falls within a group of judgments finding violations of Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR or ‘the Convention’) on…

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Overcoming the Backlog in the Initial Review of Petitions in the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

Human rights systems may be victims of their own success, as they can become dysfunctional under the unbearable weight of their massive caseloads. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (Commission or IACHR) has faced this challenge in the past two decades with regard to the enormous backlog of pending applications in the Initial Review, the first phase of…

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Climate Change Hearings and the ECtHR Round II

On Wednesday the 26th of September, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights held oral hearings in Duarte Agostinho and Others v. Portugal and 32 others, which is one of the three climate change cases currently pending before the Grand Chamber (seven other cases have been adjourned pending the Grand Chamber’s decision…

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