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The Training and Socialization of Combatants to IHL Norms: A Brief Review

Can state and nonstate armed forces and humanitarian organizations socialize combatants to “norms of restraint”—in essence, train soldiers to adopt norms of international humanitarian law (IHL) on the battlefield? And, importantly, how can the effectiveness of this socialization be evaluated? The importance of effective training for generating compliance with IHL has long been recognized by IHL proponents, but until recently academic and policy studies have generally underemphasized empirically-based examinations of the efficacy of IHL training methods. A paucity of data and methodologically-oriented analyses has thus inhibited the ability of militaries and organizations that promote IHL to institute robust and effective training processes. While scholars are now finding that training can help transmit IHL norms to combatants, evaluating the efficacy of such training continues to present hurdles for proponents of IHL in academic, military, and humanitarian policy communities.

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Joint Symposium: The Oxford Forum for International Humanitarian Law Compliance

This is the first post in a joint symposium hosted by EJIL:Talk and Articles of War, the blog of the Lieber Institute at West Point. The symposium reflects a series of conversations held in the context of the Oxford Forum for International Humanitarian Law Compliance, an initiative to promote dialogue between scholars and practitioners on…

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Editorial: Germany v Italy: Jurisdictional Immunities – Redux (and Redux and Redux)

Will we ever see closure to this saga at the center of which one finds the somewhat controversial decision of the ICJ of 2012 and the very controversial decision of the Italian Constitutional Court of 2014 rebuffing that decision? There is no need to recap fully the endless ‘puntatas’ in this story which have been followed…

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Brexit, the Irish Protocol and the ‘Versailles Effect’

What does the Treaty of Versailles have to do with Brexit, you may be asking yourself? Quite a lot I would like to suggest. But a preliminary comment is necessary. In the current state of polarized societies  and, increasingly, a polarized academy, an old-style ‘Voltairian liberal’ like myself (of the ‘I disapprove of what you say, but…

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In This Issue – Reviews

This issue features reviews of five recent works. Two of them address questions of state responsibility – a core topic, shaped by the International Law Commission (ILC) Articles adopted exactly 20 years ago, but addressed here from unusual angles. Jean Ho’s interest is with responsibility for breaches of investment contracts (a topic left to the side by the…

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