United Nations

Page 1 of 14

Filter category

Cyberattack against Georgia and International Response: emerging normative paradigm of ‘responsible state behavior in cyberspace’?

  On 28 October 2019, international media reported that a large scale cyber-attack was launched against Georgian websites, servers and other operating systems of government agencies, the courts, various municipal assemblies, state bodies, private sector organizations and media outlets. As a result, the servers and operating systems of these organizations were said to be significantly damaged, severely affecting their functionality. The origin of the attack by that time was not yet known. After four months, on 20 February 2020 Georgia officially claimed, based on its investigation, that this cyberattack was planned and carried out by the Russia’s military intelligence service, known as the GRU. The UK’s National Cyber Security Centre assessed that the GRU was almost certainly (95%+) responsible for this attack. Russia denies this findings as “unsubstantiated and politically motivated” and underlines that all the accusations are based on the “notorious “highly likely” concept”. Reaction of international community and ‘responsible state behavior in cyberspace’ Response from other states was swift. USA, UK,…

Read more

Is Security Council Authorisation Really Necessary to Allow Cross-Border Humanitarian Assistance in Syria?

  In December last year, Russia and China vetoed a draft Security Council resolution that would have renewed the authorisation for humanitarian assistance to be provided in Syria via four designated border-crossings. The authorisation had been in place since Resolution 2165 (2014), and had enabled the provision of humanitarian assistance to more than…

Read more

Climate Change as a Trigger of Non-Refoulement Obligations Under International Human Rights Law

  The recently published decision of the UN Human Rights Committee (HRC) pursuant to Individual Communication No. 2728/2016 (Teitiota v New Zealand) offers an insight into how the international legal system is coming to address climate change displacement. Teitiota is significant for its recognition that climate change impacts affecting migrants in their State of origin can trigger…

Read more

The Challenges for the ICJ in the Reliance on UN Fact-Finding Reports in the Case against Myanmar

  This past week’s provisional measures hearing in the case against Myanmar at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) made for a remarkable spectacle (see here, here, and here). Acting as the head of her country’s delegation, Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi sat silently as The Gambia’s legal team laid out its…

Read more

Reconciling new interpretations of the UN Charter with the customary international law on the use of force

  In a recent lecture, published as a post on this blog, Professor Dapo Akande analysed the diversity of the rules on the use of force in international law and the implications for the evolution of the law in this area. In this post I wish to address one issue arising from this discussion but not directly…

Read more
  • Page 1 of 14
  • Last