State Responsibility

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Common Article 1 Does Prohibit Complicity in IHL Violations, Through Arms Transfers or Otherwise

Last week, over on Articles of War, I read with great interest a post on Common Article 1 (CA1) of the Geneva Conventions by my good friends Mike Schmitt and Sean Watts. Their post, building on their prior work, argues that CA1 should not be understood as having any external dimension. It comments in that regard on the case brought by Nicaragua against Germany before the International Court of Justice, in which the Court is now deliberating on the request for provisional measures. Anything that Mike and Sean write is always going to be thoughtful and considered. But I must confess that I was somewhat perplexed after reading their post, on two counts. First, in their post Mike and Sean claim that their argument is strictly confined to matters of law and not policy. But they nonetheless express regret in the post that Germany did not expressly argue in favor of their own position that CA1 has no external dimension, which they regard…

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Third-Party “Provisional Countermeasures”: A Proposal to Give Teeth to Provisional Measures

Compliance with the International Court of Justice’s provisional measures orders has been low and appears to be decreasing, as underscored by the recent cases of Israel and Syria. So, attention is again turning to whether the measures can be enforced. Most commentary has focused…

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Past Time to Liquidate Russian Assets

This piece is cross-posted on Just Security. Two long years ago, Russia launched its brutal campaign of aggression and atrocity against Ukraine. That full-scale invasion has now killed more than 30,000 Ukrainians, displaced more than 10 million, and destroyed more than $400 billion of civilian property…

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On State Responsibility for Complicity in Genocide: Will South Africa’s “All-In Strategy” Be Effective?

Introduction As is known, in its recent application brought against Israel before the ICJ, South Africa (SA) invoked the international responsibility of the Respondent for all acts under Article III of the 1948 Genocide Convention. Much can be found in the blogosphere on more general and procedural aspects arising from this potentially landmark…

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Appeals Judgment in Case concerning the Shipment from the Netherlands of Parts for F-35 Fighter Aircraft to Israel

Introduction On 12 February, the Appeals Court of the Hague in the Netherlands handed down its judgment in a case concerning the shipment of U.S. owned spare parts for F-35 fighter aircraft from a warehouse in the Netherlands to Israel (see here, only available in Dutch). The Court of Appeal held that the…

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