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Why Denmark Can’t “Block” Dark Tankers

A dangerous proposal is on the table as sanctioning authorities grasp for answers on how to improve enforcement of the Russian oil price cap. The coalition-driven cap aims to accomplish two apparently paradoxical purposes: limit Russia’s ability to generate oil-based revenue used to fund its war effort and maintain the global supply of energy. Rather than banning the facilitation of Russian oil exports altogether, the G7, the EU, Norway, and Australia, adopted a scheme to set Russian-origin oil moved in maritime transport at an artificially low price. The coalition attempts to execute this price cap by placing a compliance burden on “maritime service providers” including commodity traders, charterers, shipowners, and insurers. In effect, this requires private actors in the commercial chain to either painstakingly track the price of each underlying Russia-connected oil trade or exchange pro forma “attestations” of compliance with their direct business associates. As the spot rate for Russian oil has climbed up and over the cap, it has become clear that these experimental regulatory efforts have so…

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Rising tensions at the EU’s External Borders with Russia: The Unwanted Return of Instrumentalised Migration and Problematic Responses

On November 22nd 2023, the Finnish government announced its decision to close all but one of its border crossings with Russia — having closed four crossings one week earlier. That decision was taken in response to a spike in arrivals of undocumented migrants. Though the EU and its Member States have been confronted with…

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Funding Ukraine’s Aid: New Challenges  

Introduction The full-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine, which began on February 24, 2022, is still ongoing, with reconstruction and recovery needs estimated at over 400 billion USD. Given these circumstances, the G7 states are searching for ways to fund Ukraine's reconstruction and redress for victims without Russia's consent, using frozen assets of the Central Bank…

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Why education rights must finally be taken seriously: Exploring the perils of mnemonic indoctrination in Russia

The year 2023 in Russia can be descried as a new chapter in furthering control over the historical narratives being circulated in the public sphere. A new federal educational standard which prescribes the content of the history curriculum entered into force starting from 01 September 2023. Little it is known, than a widely discussed Russian history…

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