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Past Time to Liquidate Russian Assets

This piece is cross-posted on Just Security. Two long years ago, Russia launched its brutal campaign of aggression and atrocity against Ukraine. That full-scale invasion has now killed more than 30,000 Ukrainians, displaced more than 10 million, and destroyed more than $400 billion of civilian property and infrastructure. The United States and its partners responded by freezing some $380 billion in Russian assets, committing not to return them until after Russia pays for the damage it has caused. Yet despite protracted public debate (including here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, and here), NATO allies have hesitated to take the obvious next step: liquidating Russia’s frozen assets to induce it to end its nakedly unlawful invasion and to compensate Ukraine for its grievous losses. Policymakers have hidden behind the…

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ICJ’s Judgment in Ukraine v. Russia regarding CERD’s Scope of Racial Discrimination: ICJ’s Approach to CERD Committee’s Views

On 31 January 2024, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) delivered its judgment on the merits of the case in Application of the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Ukraine v. Russian Federation). One of the issues was Ukraine’s assertion…

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What role artificial intelligence could play in evaluating the compliance of military operations with international humanitarian law: The case study of the conduct of hostilities in Ukraine

On the 23rd of January 2024, the Russian Federation launched a “massive” airstrike on the cities of Kyiv and Kharkiv, firing 41 missiles. The air defences shot down 21 of these missiles. These strikes exemplify a pattern. On the 1st of January 2024, the Russian Federation launched one of the biggest air…

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Unfulfilled Promises of the ICJ Litigation for Ukraine: Analysis of the ICJ Judgment in Ukraine v Russia (CERD and ICSFT)

1. Summary and Context On 31 January 2024, the ICJ delivered its long-awaited Judgment on the merits in the case Ukraine v Russia concerning alleged violations of the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism (ICSFT) and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD). It was…

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Ukraine’s ICJ Provisional Measures: A Narrow Path to Remedies

On February 2, the International Court of Justice dealt Ukraine’s case against Russia under the Genocide Convention a heavy blow when it dismissed the majority of the claims for lack of jurisdiction. The decision effectively transformed the case into one about whether Ukraine violated international law (by committing genocide), a far cry from…

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