Nuclear Weapons

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The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons

On July 7, 2017 a vote was held by a United Nations treaty conference to adopt the final text of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). Of the 124 states participating in the conference, 122 states voted for adoption, one state (the Netherlands) voted against adoption, and one state (Singapore) abstained. This vote brought to a successful close the second and final negotiating session for a United Nations nuclear weapons prohibition convention, the mandate for which had been given by the General Assembly in December 2016. The treaty will now be opened for signature by states on September 20, 2017, and will come into force 90 days after its 50th ratification. The TPNW provides for a complete ban on development, possession, and use of nuclear weapons by its parties. It is difficult to overstate the significance of the TPNW within the framework of treaties on nuclear nonproliferation. It is the first multilateral nuclear weapons disarmament treaty to be adopted since the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in…

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What Will a Trump Administration Mean for International Agreements with the United States?

On 20 January 2017, Donald Trump will become the 45th President of the United States. During the campaign, he spoke often about terminating landmark international agreements concluded by the Obama administration, including the Paris Agreement on climate change, the Iran nuclear deal, the Trans-Pacific Partnership and the normalization of relations with Cuba. Predicting what might actually happen in…

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The Trump Presidency and the Iran Nuclear Deal: Initial Thoughts

Well it’s been a dramatic and, for many of us, soul searching week since last Tuesday’s presidential election in the U.S. resulting in Donald Trump being elected the next U.S. president. I’ll hold back on political editorializing in this space. We all have our views and there are other fora in which to express them. Among…

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How the Awareness Criterion for Establishment of Dispute is Antithetical to Judicial Economy

The International Court of Justice recently in the case concerning the Negotiations relating to Cessation of the Nuclear Arms Race and Nuclear Disarmament ruled that it lacked the necessary jurisdiction, due to the absence of a ‘legal dispute’ between the parties. The Republic of Marshall Islands had sued the nuclear world powers (the application…

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Russia’s Unilateral Suspension of the 2013 Agreement on Nuclear Cooperation with the United States

Amidst the breaking-down of cooperation between the USA and Russia in addressing the war in Syria, the continuation of the Ukrainian crisis and the US charges against Russia for its alleged interference in the American Presidential elections, the sanction tit-for-tat between the two Powers continues. The most recent episode occurred during the first week of October, when the…

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