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Novel practice of the Security Council: Wildlife poaching and trafficking as a threat to the peace

On 12 and 13 February 2014, heads of states will meet at a London summit on the trafficking of endangered species convened by British Prime Minister David Cameron. The background to this initiative is the increasingly acknowledged link between wildlife poachers, traffickers, and armed conflict in some regions of Africa. According to the WWF, over 20,000 elephants are killed each year for their ivory tusks, many of them in central African conflict zones. In two recent resolutions of January 2014, on the Central African Republic (res. 2134), and on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (res. 2136), the Security Council (SC) authorized targeted sanctions against poachers, wildlife product traffickers, and against persons and entities pulling the strings. The resolutions were primarily designed to target a number of armed rebel groups operating in the eastern region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and in the Central African Republic. The United Nations (UN) suspects various armed groups, such as the Lord’s Resistance Army, Somalia’s Al-Shabaab Islamist militant group and Sudan’s Janjaweed militia,…

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The Right to Regulate for Public Morals Upheld (Somewhat): The WTO Panel Report in EC-Seal Products

There have been few interpretations of Article XX(a) of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT 1994) - the  specific exception that justifies what would ordinarily be a State's GATT-inconsistent measure, unless such measure is deemed "necessary to protect public morals".  As with any of the ten enumerated exceptions under Article XX of GATT 1994, a State invoking GATT…

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Ripples in the East and South China Seas: Aid, ADIZs, Aircraft Carriers, and Arbitration

In the past few weeks throughout November 2013, various incidents have sharply demonstrated China’s foreign policy preferences in relation to disputes with neighbors over the East and South China Seas (pictured above left, credit), as well as its self-perception of its broader hegemonic role in the Asian region.  I recently spoke on regulatory freedom and control…

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The ‘other’ dialogue at the G20 Summit: International Responsibilities of Institutional Investors

The forthcoming G20 Leaders’ Summit on 5-6 September 2013 (pictured above left, credit) will expectedly focus on US President Barack Obama taking advantage of bilateral and multilateral talks at this forum to press the case for intervention in Syria to other world leaders.

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The Court of Arbitration Issues Partial Award in Indus Waters Kishenganga Arbitration

Jawad Ahmad is an attorney admitted in New York and is currently based in Singapore. From January to March 2012, Mr Ahmad worked as an intern at the International Bureau of the Permanent Court of Arbitration where he assisted Legal Counsel on legal research assignments concerning the Indus Waters Kishenganga Arbitration, but did not directly work…

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