Mixed Arbitration

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Philip Morris v Uruguay: an affirmation of ‘Police Powers’ and ‘Regulatory Power in the Public Interest’ in International Investment Law

In recent years there has been criticism that international investment treaties and investor-State arbitration conducted under those treaties increasingly, and unacceptably, have encroached upon the legitimate uses of States’ regulatory power. These concerns have not only been expressed in scholarship, but have also been at the forefront of State negotiations in recent multilateral and bilateral trade and investment agreements (see, for example, the recent discussion by Anthea Roberts and Richard Braddock here on the China-Australia Free Trade Agreement). The concerns have led to policy proposals from States and international organisations for greater safeguards for States to be able to enact measures in the public interest without attracting liability under investment treaties. Investor-State arbitration tribunals appear to be alive to these concerns. On 8 July 2016, a tribunal (constituted by Professor Piero Bernardini, Mr Gary Born and Judge James Crawford) convened pursuant to the Switzerland-Uruguay Bilateral Investment Treaty (‘BIT’) delivered an award which, by majority, upheld the legality of two tobacco-control measures enacted by the Uruguayan government for the purpose of protecting public health. The…

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International Arbitration: Heating Up or Under Pressure?

Dapo recently posted on this blog about the rise of inter-State cases before the PCA and predicted that "the current rise of inter-state arbitration will endure for some time“. Many readers will presumably be quite happy about the trend described: binding dispute resolution, if it happens, tends to make us international lawyers happy after all - so…

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Saar Papier v Poland: Comparative Public Law and the Second-Ever Investment Treaty Award

            Jarrod Hepburn is a Lecturer in Law at the University of Exeter, UK. There has been much discussion in recent years – and in recent weeks on this blog – of the potential for investment treaty arbitration to benefit from a ‘comparative public law’ approach. In brief, the approach conceives of…

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Kevin Heller’s Chevron Subpoena

Kevin tells the story here. Remarkably, the lawyers representing Chevron in its long-standing series of disputes with Ecuador issued a subpoena for information from Kevin’s Gmail account. Their only apparent reason for doing so was Kevin’s commentary on the case at Opinio Juris. Due to the ACLU’s intervention on Kevin’s behalf the subpoena request was…

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Necessity in Investor-State Arbitration: The Sempra Annulment decision

Sahib Singh is a  member of the international litigation and arbitration group at Skadden and a visiting lecturer at the University of Vienna. This note was prepared before the Enron v. Argentina annulment decision became available at the beginning of August. A note on that case is forthcoming on EJIL: Talk! On 29 June 2010,…

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