Maritime Delimitation

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Some Observations on the Agreement between Lebanon and Israel on the Delimitation of the Exclusive Economic Zone

Introduction On 11 October 2022, Lebanon and Israel reached a historic agreement to delimit the two countries’ territorial seas and Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea (‘the Agreement’). The Agreement is ground-breaking for several reasons. First, it is the first maritime boundary agreement reached between countries that have no diplomatic relations. Israel and Lebanon have technically been at war for almost 75 years. The demarcation of the land boundary remains disputed – a temporary line of withdrawal (the ‘Blue Line’) is monitored by the United Nations. Second, it is also the first maritime delimitation agreed between adjacent states in the Eastern Mediterranean. Previous delimitation agreements in the region only involved opposite states, for instance Cyprus–Egypt, Cyprus–Lebanon, Cyprus–Israel and Greece–Egypt (see our previous analysis here). Third, it is the first maritime boundary dispute in the Eastern Mediterranean resolved through indirect negotiations as part of a mediation process facilitated by the United States. The maritime boundary deal will not be a direct…

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A Commentary on the Dispute Concerning the Maritime Delimitation in the Indian Ocean (Somalia v Kenya)

On 12 October 2021, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) delivered its long-awaited judgment in the case of Maritime Delimitation in the Indian Ocean (Somalia v Kenya) on the location of the maritime boundary between Somalia and Kenya. Kenya refused to participate in the oral proceedings on the merits, as discussed here and here.

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Part II: Some Observations on the Agreement between Greece and Egypt on the Delimitation of the Exclusive Economic Zone

Where to from here? The Greece-Turkey maritime boundary dispute The dispute over the maritime boundary between Greece and Turkey has been ongoing since 1974. As I wrote elsewhere, ‘bilateral consultations and negotiations have been unable to prevent occasional flare-ups and, as tensions remain significantly high, it may not be long before one of the not…

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Part I: Some Observations on the Agreement between Greece and Egypt on the Delimitation of the Exclusive Economic Zone

Introduction Greece and Egypt signed an agreement for the delimitation of the two countries’ maritime boundaries in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea on 7 August 2020. The Greek Foreign Minister said that this was a ‘historic day’: the two states had reached an ‘exemplary agreement’ that ‘reconfirms and enshrines the effect and the right of islands to a continental…

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Troubled Waters in the Eastern Mediterranean

Turkey’s dispatch on August 10 of the seismic research vessel Oruҫ Reis under escort of five naval vessels into disputed waters of the Eastern Mediterranean is the latest salvo in the legal and rhetorical battle being waged in the region’s waters, with hydrocarbon extraction rights as the ultimate prize.  After a brief discussion of the actual deployment of…

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