Investor-State Arbitration Tribunals

Page 20 of 22

Filter category

Legitimate Expectations in Investment Disputes: A Reply to Sadie Blanchard

Let me clarify some few points which Sadie Blanchard has disagreed with in my last post. As indicated in my last post, the fair and equitable standard from which the doctrine of legitimate expectations is derived requires the host state among other things to act in good faith and without arbitrariness towards foreign investors (See Techmed v Mexico, ICSID,  2003).  While it is clear that the state is always at the receiving end with regards to the fair and equitable treatment doctrine, the role/the conduct of the investor may not be totally irrelevant in assessing the application of the standard. Surprisingly, Sadie seems to disagree with this very simple fact despite the well settled maxim ‘Caveat Investor’.  In EDF (Services) Limited v. Romania , the tribunal stated that: “Legitimate expectations cannot be solely the subjective expectations of the investor. They must be examined as the expectations at the time the investment is made, as they may be deduced from all the circumstances of the case, due regard being paid to the host…

Read more

The Shaky Proposition of the State’s Legitimate Tax Expectations: A Response to Yenkong Ngangjoh-Hodu

I do not share a number of Yenkong Ngangjoh-Hodu’s views about the legitimate expectations doctrine, but this response focuses on the final paragraph of his post, in which he argues that a State could somehow raise a legitimate expectations argument against a foreign investor that engages in “tax avoidance.” For the sake of…

Read more

A Critique of the Legitimate Expectations Doctrine in Investment Treaty Arbitration

Dr Yenkong Ngangjoh Hodu is a Senior Lecturer in Law at the University of Manchester School of Law. In recent years, the concept of ‘legitimate expectations’ has routinely been put forward by claimants as the basis of claims in investment treaty arbitrations, and endorsed by some arbitrators (see International Thunderbird Gaming Corporation v  United Mexican States, Separate Opinion…

Read more

The Course Catalogue of The Hague Academy as a Timeline of International Law

Sadie Blanchard is a Research Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for International, European and Regulatory Procedural Law. The Hague Academy of International Law (logo, below right, credit) has offered annual courses in public and private international law for eighty-five years as part of its founding objective of promoting “peace through…

Read more

Fair and Equitable Treatment: A Rejoinder to Martins Paparinskis

I don’t think that there’s all that much between Martins Paparinskis and me.   I certainly don’t decry the difference between treaty and custom in this field, or the important part that both play in encouraging investment…

Read more