International Tribunal Procedure

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Old Problems, New Approaches: Plea Negotiations in International Criminal Law – Lessons from Colombia’s Special Jurisdiction for Peace

Victims are the most affected persons in contexts of mass violence, yet they tend to be the most unheard when international justice arrives. The procedural design of international courts and tribunals, tend to focus their work on the role of prosecutors and the defense, largely ignoring the interests of victims. This has led to criticisms by several stakeholders that argue that victims should be heard in international criminal proceedings not only to improve their legitimacy but as a measure of reparation on its own.

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Another Fish in The Sea or the New Kid on The Block? The Newborn NATO Mission Appeals Tribunal – Part II

The First Cases Decided by the MAT 2023 was a pivotal year for the MAT. Not only its establishment process was completed, but also the first cases were decided and finally made public in January 2024. In adjudicating them the MAT judges could solve some of the most relevant challenges, highlighted in part…

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Another Fish in The Sea or the New Kid on The Block? The Newborn NATO Mission Appeals Tribunal – Part I

The Mission Appeals Tribunal (MAT) is a new international administrative tribunal (IAT), formally established in 2022 through a NATO internal directive, to provide judicial relief to civilian personnel hired in out-of-area NATO-led missions. Following an initial period, the MAT started operating in 2023 when it was officially presented to the interested staff members, its constitutive…

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EJIL:The Podcast! Episode 18 – “Be Careful What You Ask For”

In this episode Dapo Akande, Marko Milanovic and Philippa Webb are joined by Philippe Sands (University College London and 11KBW) and Margaretha Wewerinke-Singh (University of Amsterdam and University of the South Pacific). The focus is on the advisory function of international courts and tribunals. In December 2022, the Commission of Small Island States on Climate Change and International…

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Pandemics, Procedure and Participation: Hybrid Hearings in the Mauritius/Maldives Maritime Boundary Dispute

Introduction On 28 January 2021, an ITLOS Special Chamber delivered its Judgment on Preliminary Objections in the Dispute concerning delimitation of the maritime boundary between Mauritius and Maldives in the Indian Ocean (Mauritius/Maldives, PO Judgment). This progressive judgment has stirred rich academic debate, including Thin’s contribution on the legal effect of soft law…

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