Court of Justice of the European Union

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Sovereign (over)borrowing during the COVID-19 pandemic: Do creditors have a responsibility to prevent unsustainable debt situations?

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has prompted across the world massive state intervention for the containment and management of the epidemic, and the mitigation of its socio-economic consequences. The measures so far adopted by many countries are not only indispensable to avert a dramatic deterioration of living conditions (especially for women and the most vulnerable) and inequality within and across countries. Their prompt adoption is also mandatory, under international law, in light of the state obligations to realise the human right to health (Art. 12 of the 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and Art. 11 of the European Social Charter (Revised 1996)) and, more generally, to take steps to achieve progressively the full realisation of all economic and social rights (Art. 2(1) ICESCR), including the rights to work, social security, adequate standard of living and education (Arts. 6, 9, 11 and 13 ICESCR) threatened by the very economic consequences of the pandemic.

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To Forget, But Not Forgive: Why the CJEU’s Latest Ruling on Google and the ‘Right to Be Forgotten’ is Not at All a Win for US Tech Giants

  Google has recently triumphed in the fight against a worldwide application of the European "right to be forgotten" following the European Court of Justice’s ruling that Google does not have to take down search results revealing sensitive personal information of EU citizens worldwide, rejecting demands by the French Data Protection Authority. The long anticipated judgment by Europe’s…

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Brexit Means Brexit: Does It so When It Comes to EU Citizenship?

Following a dramatic referendum, the United Kingdom triggered Art. 50 of the TEU in March 2017 officially commencing its withdrawal from the EU. At first glance, one of the many consequences of the move is the loss of EU citizenship for all British citizens as they will no longer be ‘holding the nationality of a Member State’…

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The Commission’s Proposals to Correct EU-Morocco Relations and the EU’s Obligation Not to Recognise as Lawful the ‘Illegal Situation’ in Western Sahara

On 11 June 2018, the EU Commission adopted two proposals (here and here) for Council Decisions to amend the EU-Morocco Association Agreement so that “[p]roducts originating in Western Sahara subject to controls by the Moroccan customs authorities shall benefit from the same trade preferences” as products from Morocco (Annex of the Proposals, para 1). The…

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De-humanisation? CJEU, Liga van Moskeeën en islamitische Organisaties Provincie Antwerpen on Religious Slaughter

Introduction In Case C-426/16, Liga van Moskeeën en islamitische Organisaties Provincie Antwerpen et al v. Vlaams Gewest, the Court of Justice of the European Union (Grand Chamber) in its judgment of 29th May 2018 decided that the EU law provision allowing religious slaughter without stunning the animal only in slaughterhouses (Art. 4(4) of Regulation…

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