International Law and Domestic Law

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Equatorial Guinea v. France (No. 2): A First Attempt at International Litigation on Stolen Asset Recovery

On 29 September 2022, Equatorial Guinea instituted proceedings against France before the International Court of Justice. In its application, Equatorial Guinea alleges that France is failing to comply with its asset recovery obligations under the 2003 United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC). This case represents yet another legal twist in a long-running saga concerning the misappropriation and laundering of Equatoguinean public funds by Teodoro Ngueme Obiang Mangue (Obiang Mangue), the son of the President of Equatorial Guinea. Obiang Mangue is infamous for his lavish spending abroad on luxury homes and cars, and even Michael Jackson memorabilia (see here and here), and currently serves as Vice President of Equatorial Guinea. The purpose of this post is not to recount Obiang Mangue’s conviction in France for money laundering, or the ICJ’s 2020 judgment in a related case concerning the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (VCDR), which has already been the subject of commentary here and here. Instead, this post aims to shed some light on the international asset recovery…

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The subtle erosion of democracy in Latin America: the case of Lula in the Human Rights Committee

On 12 March 2022, the Human Rights Committee delivered its views on the complaint filed by Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, former President of the Federal Republic of Brazil who was imprisoned in 2018 in the context of the anti-corruption operation known as ‘Operation Car Wash (in Portuguese, ‘Operação Lava Jato’). The representatives of Lula asked the…

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Prosecuting Atrocity Crimes Committed in Northern Ethiopia: The Need for Special National Prosecution Mechanism

Over the last four years, serious human rights violations and abuses, have been committed in Ethiopia in and outside of the context of an armed conflict. These violations may constitute international crimes, such as crimes against humanity, war crimes and torture. The situation particularly worsened and garnered international attention after an armed conflict broke out in Tigray on…

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A Former Danish Minister for Immigration is Sentenced: A new Chapter in the Danish ‘Migrants Saga’

On December 13 2021 the Danish Court of Impeachment (Rigsretten) convicted Inger Støjberg, a former Minister of Immigration, for having unlawfully instructed public authorities to separate migrant couples one of whom was a minor. This special Court, which Parliament assembles, exists to try ministers accused of maladministration. Although nominally a permanent body, the assembly of the Court…

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Discriminating against Υour Own Nationals: The Peculiar Case of New Zealand Seafarers

As the Covid-19 vaccine rollout continues across many countries, thousands of people have been able to regain a sense of normality in their daily life and employment. This has not always been the case for the thousands of seafarers who continue to face serious challenges as a result of the ongoing crew change crisis. While the numerous…

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