International Humanitarian Law

Page 2 of 77

Filter category

Feature post image

Interstate use of armed force in third states: what are the implications for conflict classification?

The events that are rapidly unfolding in the Middle East lately are a cause of grave concern in an increasingly violent and volatile world. On April 1, an Israeli airstrike on the Iranian consulate in Damascus killed a senior commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps, as well as several other officers. Apart from the jus ad bellum issues that are raised, there is also a host of intriguing questions regarding the classification of similar situations under IHL.

Read more

Common Article 1 Does Prohibit Complicity in IHL Violations, Through Arms Transfers or Otherwise

Last week, over on Articles of War, I read with great interest a post on Common Article 1 (CA1) of the Geneva Conventions by my good friends Mike Schmitt and Sean Watts. Their post, building on their prior work, argues that CA1 should not be understood as having any external dimension. It…

Read more

Alleged Violations of the Duty to Ensure Respect for IHL and the Monetary Gold Principle

1. Introduction This post explores the nature of the duty to ensure respect for international humanitarian law (IHL) embodied in Common Article 1 of the Four Geneva Conventions and in other IHL provisions. The duty imposes positive and negative obligations upon States in relation to other States’ conduct that violates or poses a serious risk of…

Read more

What role artificial intelligence could play in evaluating the compliance of military operations with international humanitarian law: The case study of the conduct of hostilities in Ukraine

On the 23rd of January 2024, the Russian Federation launched a “massive” airstrike on the cities of Kyiv and Kharkiv, firing 41 missiles. The air defences shot down 21 of these missiles. These strikes exemplify a pattern. On the 1st of January 2024, the Russian Federation launched one of the biggest air…

Read more

The African Union’s Statement on the Application of International Law to Cyberspace: An Assessment of the Principles of Territorial Sovereignty, Non-Intervention, and Non-Use of Force

A growing number of States have published statements examining the application of international law to cyberspace (for an overview see the Cyber Law Toolkit). On 29 January 2024, the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council adopted the ‘Common African Position on the Application of International Law to the Use of Information and Communication Technologies in…

Read more