Rana Moustafa Essawy


Rana Moustafa Essawy is Assistant Professor of Public International Law, Alexandria University, Egypt. Her thesis ‘The Doctrine of Implied Powers in International Law’ (in Arabic) was awarded the Boutrous Boutrous-Ghali prize for the second-best PhD in Egypt for 2018-19. Her primary research areas are peace and security, international criminal law, international organisations and immunities. Her forthcoming publication in the Global Responsibility to Protect Journal is entitled ‘The Responsibility Not to Veto Revisited Under the Theory of “Consequential Jus Cogens”’.

Recently Published

Is There a Legal Duty to Cooperate in Implementing Western Sanctions on Russia?

Following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the United States, Europe and other allies imposed sanctions on Russia for violating the prohibition against the use of force, a peremptory norm owed to the international community as a whole. While the ability of these sanctions per se to put a swift end to Russia’s invasion has been doubted (see…

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The WHO: The Guardian of Human Rights during Pandemics?

On May 18, President Trump tweeted a 4-page letter addressed to the WHO, threatening to cut funding to the organization and reconsider the United States’ membership within it. One of the reasons for these threats was the WHO’s reaction to China’s alleged human rights violations. President Trump accused the WHO of ‘being conspicuously silent [ with ]…

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The Legal Duty to Cooperate amid COVID-19: A Missed Opportunity?

  The unprecedented effects of COVID-19 have encouraged cooperation and commitment among different States to fight the pandemic and combat its socio-economic impacts. For example, on April 2, the UN General Assembly unanimously adopted a resolution calling for ‘intensified international cooperation to contain, mitigate and defeat the pandemic’, while the G20 had earlier…

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