Pedro A. Villarreal


Pedro A. Villarreal is a Senior Research Fellow at both the German Institute for International and Security Affairs and the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law. He holds a PhD degree from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM).

Recently Published

“We’re In This for the Long Haul”: The End of the Public Health Emergency of International Concern Due to COVID-19

Last Friday, 5 May 2023, acting upon advice from an Emergency Committee, the WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus declared under Article 12 of the International Health Regulations (IHR) of 2005 that the spread of COVID-19 no longer constitutes a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC). The emergency had been active since…

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Punishing Compliance with International Law: The Omicron Variant and the International Health Regulations (2005)

On 24 November 2021, the government of South Africa reported the presence of a new variant of the SARS-CoV-2 virus to the World Health Organization. The Technical Advisory Group on SARS-CoV-2 Evolution (TAG-VE), an independent group of experts, designated the new variant, denominated “Omicron”, to be a “Variant of Concern” (VOC). The TAG-VE's preliminary analysis of the…

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Pandemic Intrigue in Geneva: COVID-19 and the 73rd World Health Assembly

The 73rd World Health Assembly took place on 18 and 19 May, 2020. It is a yearly gathering of all 194 Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) taking place in its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. As established in Articles 18 to 23 of the Constitution of the WHO, the World Health Assembly is its maximum…

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