Michael Schmitt

About/Bio

Michael Schmitt is Professor of International Law, University of Reading; Francis Lieber Distinguished Scholar, West Point; Strauss Center Distinguished Scholar and Visiting Professor of Law, University of Texas; Director of Legal Affairs, Cyber Law International; professor emeritus, US Naval War College.

Recently Published

Un-caging the Bear? A Case Study in Cyber Opinio Juris and Unintended Consequences

On October 4, the United Kingdom’s National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), a division of the GCHQ, issued a news release attributing multiple cyber campaigns to Russia’s military intelligence service, the GRU. They were, according to the NCSC, designed to ‘undermine [the] international sporting institution WADA [World Anti-Doping Agency], disrupt transport systems in Ukraine, destabilise democracies and target…

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The NotPetya Cyber Operation as a Case Study of International Law

The recent “NotPetya” cyber-operation illustrates the complexity of applying international law to factually ambiguous cyber scenarios. Manifestations of NotPetya began to surface on 27 June when a major Ukrainian bank reported a sustained operation against its network. The Ukrainian Minister of Infrastructure soon announced ‘an ongoing and massive attack everywhere’.  By the following day, NotPetya’s impact was…

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Cyber Responses “By The Numbers” in International Law

According to open source reports, the Obama administration is considering how to retaliate against China for hacks into the US government’s Office of Personnel (OPM). Although it has hesitated to openly pin the rose on China, the reports raise questions as to how it might respond consistent with international law. The issue of responses to…

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