Michael Schmitt

About/Bio

Michael Schmitt is Professor of International Law, University of Reading; Francis Lieber Distinguished Scholar, West Point; Strauss Center Distinguished Scholar and Visiting Professor of Law, University of Texas; Director of Legal Affairs, Cyber Law International; professor emeritus, US Naval War College.

Recently Published

France Speaks Out on IHL and Cyber Operations: Part II

In the first part of this post I discussed the position paper's articulation of the views of France on the applicability of IHL to cyber operations, on the classification of armed conflicts, and on their geographical scope in the cyber context. In this part I will examine the position paper's views on the concept of “attack,” on the…

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France Speaks Out on IHL and Cyber Operations: Part I

The French Ministry of the Armies (formerly the Ministry of Defense) has recently released Droit International Appliqué aux Opérations dans le Cyberspace (International Law Applicable to Operations in Cyberspace), the most comprehensive statement on the applicability of international law (IHL) to cyber operations by any State to date.  The position paper dealt definitively with many of the current…

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Un-caging the Bear? A Case Study in Cyber Opinio Juris and Unintended Consequences

On October 4, the United Kingdom’s National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), a division of the GCHQ, issued a news release attributing multiple cyber campaigns to Russia’s military intelligence service, the GRU. They were, according to the NCSC, designed to ‘undermine [the] international sporting institution WADA [World Anti-Doping Agency], disrupt transport systems in Ukraine, destabilise democracies and target…

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