Kushtrim Istrefi

About/Bio

Dr Kushtrim Istrefi is Assistant Professor of Human Rights Law and Public International Law with the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM) at Utrecht University. He specializes in human rights law and international security. Dr Istrefi is a member of the editorial board of The European Convention on Human Rights Law Review, and Senior Peace Fellow with Public International Law and Policy Group.

Recently Published

The Luxembourg Court Rules on the Difference between States and Countries as International Law Actors

On 23 September 2020, the General Court of the European Union (GCEU) in Case T-370-19 Kingdom of Spain v. European Commission rendered a judgment that will surely become an important footnote in any textbook of public international law dealing with treaties and subjects. In this case, the GCEU ruled, among others, on whether certain acts…

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Supervision of Derogations in the Wake of COVID-19: a litmus test for the Secretary General of the Council of Europe

The pandemic COVID-19 has triggered a record number of derogations from the European Convention on Human Rights (the ‘ECHR’ or the ‘Convention’). By now, Albania, Armenia, Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, Moldova, North Macedonia and Romania have notified the Secretary General of the Council of Europe (the ‘Secretary General’) of their derogations from the ECHR. More States may…

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R.M.T. v. The UK: Expanding Article 11 of the ECHR Through Systemic Integration

On 8 April 2014, the ECtHR rendered a decision in the RMT v. the UK. The case represents an example of using systemic integration as a tool of judicial activism. In applying Article 31(3)(c) VCLT, the Court expanded rights under Article 11(1) ECHR through international instruments that were not binding on all parties to the Convention.

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