Joshua Paine


Joshua (Josh) Paine is a Lecturer in Law at the University of Bristol. His research interests are mainly in international economic law (primary focus on investment law; secondary focus on trade law) and international dispute settlement. He is as an Associate Editor of the Journal of World Investment & Trade and a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Procedural Law.

Recently Published

Cairn Energy v India: Retroactive Taxation, Fair and Equitable Treatment and the General Principles Method

This post addresses an Award of 21 December 2020 in Cairn Energy v India, a case under the UK–India BIT. The headline outcome of the Award is that India’s retroactive application of taxation legislation, that subsequently imposed taxes on the transactions of the claimants that were not taxable at the time the transactions occurred, constituted a…

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Environmental Aspects of the South China Sea Award

Earlier posts (here and here) have provided a general overview of the much-anticipated 12 July Award of an UNCLOS Annex VII Tribunal in the Philippines v China case. This post will focus on the environmental aspects of the Award. The Tribunal’s consideration of environmental issues is largely contained in the part of the Award dealing…

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