Freya Baetens


Freya Baetens is Professor of Public International Law at the University of Oslo and affiliated with the Europa Institute at the Faculty of Law, Leiden University. As a member of the PluriCourts Centre at Oslo, she works on an interdisciplinary research project evaluating the legitimacy of international courts and tribunals. Freya has acted as counsel or expert in international and European disputes and is listed on the Panel of Arbitrators and Conciliators of the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), the South China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (Shenzhen Court of International Arbitration) and the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC). She is a member of the Executive Council of the Society of International Law (SIEL).

Recently Published

Multiple Avenues for State Cooperation with the International Criminal Court – Part Two

Yesterday’s post (see here) discussed witness protection and the release of temporarily or permanently acquitted defendants as potential avenues for State cooperation with the ICC. Today’s post will consider further opportunities for such cooperation and conclude with some general observations on the issue. Detainees’ family visits Many detainees cannot afford to…

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Multiple Avenues for State Cooperation with the International Criminal Court – Part One

The issue of obtaining State cooperation in prosecutions of criminal suspects is one of the biggest challenges facing the International Criminal Court (ICC). While States are supposed to have clear and binding obligations under Part 9 of the Rome Statute, sometimes those legal obligations are frustrated. As a result, the ICC has adopted an approach that involves ‘multiple…

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Renewable energy incentives: reconciling investment, EU State aid and climate change law

  Domestic incentives for renewable energy production To combat climate change, several States have created so-called ‘renewable energy incentivization schemes’ because they feared that private investors may otherwise not be willing to invest in this industry. Compared to other sectors, renewable energy investment usually requires significant upfront capital investment, while returns may be unsure and take…

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