Dr. Danae Azaria


Dr. Danae Azaria is Associate Professor at the Faculty of Laws at University College London (UCL). Her book, Treaties on Transit of Energy via Pipelines and Countermeasures (OUP 2015) was awarded the Guggenheim Prize in Public International Law (2017). She is a Senior Humboldt Fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (2019-2021) at Humboldt University Berlin, and the Principal Investigator of a Starting Grant of the European Research Council (ERC) funding her current research on State Silence.

Recently Published

Are sabotage of submarine pipelines an ‘armed attack’ triggering a right to self-defence?

On 26 and 27 September 2022, explosions damaged NordStream 1 and NordStream 2 pipelines in the Baltic Sea (here). These are major transboundary pipelines (consisting of two pipelines each) transporting gas from Russia to Germany. They cross the territorial sea of three States (Russia, Denmark and Germany) and the exclusive economic zone (‘EEZ’) of five States (Russia,…

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On the ILC, professional background, gender and positivism: A Rejoinder to Jan Klabbers

In “Codification by Interpretation”: The International Law Commission as an Interpreter of International Law, I argue that the United Nations (‘UN’) International Law Commission (‘ILC’) interprets international law; interpretation falls squarely within the ILC’s mandate; the ILC’s interpretative pronouncements can trigger an interpretative dialogue with States whose reactions can lead to ‘authoritative interpretations’; and ‘codification by interpretation’,…

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