Carlos J. Zelada


Carlos is currently pursuing a DPhil in Law degree at the University of Oxford. His research is centered around the examination of sexual violence against men and non-cisgender women in the judgments of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Carlos holds the position of Associate Professor at the School of Law at the Universidad del Pacífico in Peru, where he also serves as the chair of the Public International Law program. His educational background includes degrees from the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (LL.B.) and Harvard Law School (LL.M.), where he was a Fulbright scholar. Carlos is internationally recognized for his expertise in the convergence of law and dissident sexualities. His academic contributions about discrimination faced by LGBTIQ+ communities have been presented at numerous global forums and are frequently cited by governmental bodies and civil society organizations. Carlos led the legal team representing Crissthian Olivera in the case of Olivera Fuentes v. Peru (2023), a landmark regional ruling of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights involving public displays of affection by LGBTIQ+ individuals and the extent of anti-discrimination obligations for corporations. He also played a crucial role as expert witness in the Inter-American Court’s case of Vicky Hernández et al. v. Honduras (2021), which marked the tribunal’s first application of the Convention of Belém do Pará to a transfemicide. Before joining the Universidad del Pacífico, Carlos served for almost a decade in the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights handling cases related to freedom of expression and access to information. He was also a part of the legal team at the Pan-American Health Organization, where he contributed to shaping the strategy for advocating health as a fundamental human right across the Americas. In his earlier career, Carlos engaged in local transitional justice initiatives with Peruvian non-governmental organizations, collecting testimonies for submission to Peru’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

Recently Published

State and Corporate Homophobia: A Commentary on the Olivera Fuentes v. Peru case

On 11 April 2023, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (“the Court”) published its long-awaited ruling in the Olivera Fuentes v. Peru case. The decision holds personal significance to Crissthian Olivera, a pioneering defender of LGBTIQ+ rights in Latin America, as it was the culmination of a 19-year journey to deliver justice following discrimination he…

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Vicky Hernández et al. v. Honduras: A Landmark Victory with a Bitter Aftertaste

On June 28, on International LGBT Pride Day, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR) issued its ruling in Vicky Hernández et al. v. Honduras, the first case involving lethal violence against an LGBT person, specifically a trans woman, to reach the highest body of the Inter-American regional system. During the proceedings, Honduras denied that…

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