Agata Kleczkowska



Agata Kleczkowska, PhD – Assistant Professor at the Institute of Law Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Her research interests include, but are not limited to, the threat and use of force, hybrid threats, statehood, recognition and retorsions. In 2018 she continued her research on armed non-state actors with the Fellowship at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law. Member of the legal expert pool of the European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats (since 2019) and of the ILA Study Group on the Role of Cities in International Law (since 2020). Rapporteur at the Oxford International Organizations (since 2016).

Recently Published

What does the ‘hybrid attack’ carried out by Belarus against the EU borders mean in reality? An international law perspective

In reaction to the fraudulent 2020 Belarusian presidential elections and violent suppression of oppositionists by the State apparatus, the European Union imposed sanctions on Belarus, including a travel ban and an asset freeze. After the forced landing of a Ryanair plane in Minsk, it also prohibited various aircraft operated by Belarusian airlines from taking off…

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