Pulat Tacar has been Co-Chairperson of the Turkish National Commission for UNESCO (1995–2006), Ambassador of Turkey to UNESCO (1989–1995), Ambassador of Turkey to the European Communities (1984–1987) and to Jakarta (1981–1984). Maxime Gauin is a researcher at the International Strategic Research Organization (USAK, Ankara) and a PhD candidate at the Middle East Technical University. In this post, which summarises their article published in (2012) 23 EJIL 821-835, they respond to the piece by Vahagn Avedian.
The Armenian question is especially sensitive, not least because of the long accumulation of prejudices against Turks, Armenian terrorism in 1973–1991, the Armenian invasion and occupation of western Azerbaijan since 1992, and more recently the virulent anti-Turkish stance of Anders Breivik in his manifesto and the various campaigns or attacks by Armenian nationalists. So, it is better to ease the tensions instead to fuel them.
In this response to Vahagn Avedian’s EJIL article and post, we would like to raise two issues: Is genocide a pertinent concept to define the fate of the Ottoman Armenians during WWI?; and has the Republic of Turkey legal responsibilities for this fate?
The Terms of the Dispute
The term ‘genocide’ is a legal term; it describes a crime specifically defined by the 1948 Genocide Convention and must be addressed accordingly. The existence of the crime of genocide can be legally determined only by the judges of a competent tribunal on the basis of the prescribed legal criteria and after a fair and impartial trial. The Genocide Convention does not allow for convictions on the grounds of genocide by legislatures, scholars, pamphleteers, politicians, or others.